Tram No. 27
27-St Aidans Drive - 06112010
 
 
Built in 1916 by Duncan and Fraser for the Hawthorn Tramways Trust where it ran as No. 10. Renumbered 116 and classed "M" by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board in 1920. Sold to the Electric Supply Co. of Victoria Ltd. in 1931 and received its present number, passed on to the SEC in 1934.
27-btm3085i 27-btm1172i1
Flinders St, Australia Day Transport Cavalcade 1982 - Photo John Phillips Wendouree Parade, near Barrett Ave - 24/5/1971 Photo N.J. Simons.
Date Built 1916 Builder Duncan & Fraser Adelaide
 
Technical Details (As Built)        
Type Single truck, drop ends, open California combination
Length 31' 10" (9.70m)   Width 8' 11" (2.72m)
Height 10' 8" (3.25m)   Wheelbase 7' 6" (2.29m)
Approx. Mass 12 tons (12.2 tonnes)    
 
History:          
1916 Delivered to Hawthorn Tramways Trust as tram No 10.
1920 Taken over by Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board as No. 116, class M.
1930 Sold to Electric Supply Co. of Victoria for use on the Ballarat tramway system as No. 27. Converted to an early form of one-man operation.
1934 Ballarat tramway system formally taken over by the SEC.
1935 First Ballarat tram to be painted dark cream and green.
1938 Converted to final Ballarat form - waist level panels in drop ends, with closeable doors in each corner of the tramcar.
1951 Repainted to mid bristol green and ivory.
1971 Acquired by the BTPS.
1981 and 1982 Operated in Melbourne for the Australia Day Parade
1984 Repainted in 1930's SEC colour scheme
2010 Repainted in 1930's in better matching SEC colour scheme using a deeper green that was matched from an artifact.
 
Heritage Significance:      

Historic – Tram built for the developing eastern suburbs of Melbourne in 1916, but became surplus to needs in Melbourne and sold to Ballarat in 1930 to replace by then the worn out ESCo trams.  The four wheel tram is synonymous with Ballarat serving the city and its community from 1930 until 1971.  It was converted to operate in Ballarat for one man operation, with doors on each side of both ends.   Painted by the BTM and minor modifications made to represent the 1930’s era of the SEC operations, different livery to that of the 1950’s. 

Technical – shows how the type underwent modifications and an earlier colour scheme in Ballarat.

Social – One of the fleet of four wheelers that served Ballarat.

Provenance – known in detail.

Rarity – One of small number of similar trams in Australian tramway museums.

Representativeness - It is a very good example of its type.

Condition-Integrity – remains in operable condition.

Interpretive Potential – shows the form and colour scheme of Ballarat Trams in the mid 1930’s and can be used in Wendouree Parade for visitor hands on experience.
 
Conservation Plan:
Retain in the 1930's SEC colour scheme;
 
Museum Status:
Operational vehicle, general use in museum service.
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