Tram No. 28
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Entering Wendouree Parade on first day of service following refurbishment 5/11/2002. Photo Austin Brehaut
 
Built in 1916 by Duncan and Fraser for the Hawthorn Tramways Trust where it ran as No. 7. Renumbered 113 and classed "M" by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board in 1920. Sold to the Electricity Supply Co. of Victoria Ltd. in 1931 and received its present number, passed on to the SEC in 1934.
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At Victoria St terminus, 1938 - Photo Wal Jack Sturt St, c1963 - Photo Wal Jack
Date Built 1916 Builder Duncan & Fraser Adelaide
 
Technical Details (As Built)        
Type Single truck, drop ends, open California combination
Length 31' 10" (9.70m) Width 8' 11" (2.72m)
Height 10' 8" (3.25m) Wheelbase 7' 6" (2.29m)
Approx. Mass 12 tons (12.2 tonnes)    
 
History:          
1915 Delivered to Hawthorn Tramways Trust as tram No 7.
1920 Taken over by Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board as No. 113, class M.
1930 Sold to Electric Supply Co. of Victoria for use on the Ballarat tramway system as No. 28. Converted to an early form of one-man operation.
1934 Ballarat tramway system formally taken over by the SEC.
1938 Converted to final Ballarat form - waist level panels in drop ends, with closeable doors in each corner of the tramcar.
1971 Acquired by the BTPS.
1978 Returned to service after repairs, painted in the early 1950's SEC colour scheme
1999-2002 Repainted to ESCo colours completed.
 
Heritage Significance:      

Historic – Tram built for the developing eastern suburbs of Melbourne in 1916, but became surplus to needs in Melbourne and sold to Ballarat in 1930 to replace by then the worn out ESCo trams.  The four wheel tram is synonymous with Ballarat serving the city and its community from 1930 until 1971.  It was converted to operate in Ballarat for one man operation, with doors on each side of both ends.   Painted by the BTM and minor modifications made to represent the 1930’s era of the SEC operations, different livery to that of the 1950’s. 

Technical – shows how the type underwent modifications and an earlier colour scheme in Ballarat though the door pillars and the internal layout in the ends have not been relocated back to their positions when received from Melbourne and first modified by the SEC.

Social – One of the fleet of four wheelers that served Ballarat.

Provenance – known in detail – see Fleet Register sheet.

Rarity – One of small number of similar trams in Australian tramway museums.

Representativeness - It is a good example of its type.

Condition-Integrity – remains in operable condition.

Interpretive Potential – shows the form and colour scheme of Ballarat Trams in the early 1930’s and can be used in Wendouree Parade for visitor hands on experience.
 
Conservation Plan:
Reconstruct to transition stage between 26 and 27 (i.e. from an open California combination to become an enclosed tramcar) and paint in ESCo colours.
 
Museum Status:
Operational vehicle, general use in museum service.
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